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Sam PF's Journal Below are the 10 most recent journal entries recorded in the "Sam PF" journal:

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July 17th, 2015
11:34 pm

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A conversation with my gay friend - a response
A Catholic friend of mine posted this article on Facebook a while ago, by Jennifer Fulwiler, a Catholic, recounting a conversation with a gay friend in which she tries to explain to him the official Catholic position on gay marriage, and on homosexual relationships and sexual morality in general.

I wanted to write a response to this article, because it seems to me to come not from a place of bigotry, fear or hatred, but from a place of genuine love, though I disagree with the conclusions.

Also because, so much of the pro-gay marriage discourse one sees on social media and elsewhere, where not simply true but trite slogans, is responding to or satirizing the Evangelical opposition to same-sex relationships; “I hope you’re not wearing any polyester-cotton mixes” and so forth. Which, fair enough, a lot of the most vocal opposition to gay marriage, and a lot of the most virulent hatred against gay people, comes from the Evangelical branch of Christianity; but very little speaks to the Catholic position, which does not depend on a strict interpretation of Levitical commandments or the single, passing line in Paul’s letter to the Romans that is the sole clear New Testament reference to the subject.

Finally, because I was a Roman Catholic until fairly recently, and this was one of the issues which led me to feel that I was increasingly diverging from the Church. (I know many Catholics share my views on this but remain. For the whole story, see here.)
Read on. Long.Collapse )

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July 4th, 2015
03:30 am

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TV show meme
The meme:

1. Comment to this post with "I surrender!" and I'll assign you the basis of some tv show idea. (Science fiction show, medical drama, criminal procedure, etc...)
2. Create a cast of characters, including the actors who'd play them
3. Add in any actor photos, character bios and show synopsis that you want.
4. Post to your own journal.


sabotabby gave me "fantasy".

I am (with sabotabby's permission) cheating somewhat by doing an adaptation, a) because it's something I've long thought totally needs to be on television, and b) the concept I was coming up with was a bit lame. (But it is rather hard to follow Sabs' Party People.)

So, the show is called Rivers of London, and adapts Ben Aaronovitch's Peter Grant novels, starting with the book of the same name. (Apparently it was optioned fr a TV series back in 2013, but nothing has been heard of that since. It is becoming a comic.)

Peter Grant is a rookie cop, who discovers that Magic Is Real when he takes a witness statement from a ghost. He then starts training in magic with the Met Police's resident wizard. In his supernatural patrols, he encounters the eponymous rivers, who are the genius locii, the local gods and godesses, of the rivers.

I imagine the show will start following the books, but, Game of Thrones-like, will gradually diverge, and will have plenty of episodic stuff not in the books along with the ain arcs from the books, and with plenty of screen time for the rivers.

So, my dream cast:


Ben Bailey Smith, aka Doc Brown (rapper, Law and Order UK) as Peter Grant. I had other ideas, but he so totally nails it in the Rivers of London rap, in the video above, that he has to have it.

Peter Grant is a mixed-race rookie cop, finishing his probationary year at the start of the books. Father a white London jazzman, mother a Sierre Leonian immigrant. He has a wry sense of humour, a strong sense of curiosity, quite geeky in his way; not a brilliantly promising cop but turns out to be very resourceful, especially in working out how to combine magic with modern tech (which don't get on very well).



Billie Piper (Doctor Who, lots of other things) as Lesley May, Peter's friend and partner in crime-fighting, going through probationary year with him. Excellent cop, notices stuff a lot. Peter describes her as "Impossibly perky, even in a stab vest". More laid back than Peter I'd say, like him from a working-class background, bit cynical.

(Both these two are now rather old for their characters, who should be early-mid 20s, but then actors often play younger I guess. Thinking Billie Piper circa Rose Tyler).

Michael Kitchen (Foyle's War) as Detective Inspector Thomas Nightingale, a wizard working for the Metropolitan Police, who becomes Peter (and later Lesley)'s mentor in magic (or 'guv'nor' as Peter calls him). The last of the 'Isaacs', the society of British wizards devoted to the magical teachings of Sir Isaac Newton. A couple of hundred years old and change, lost almost all his contemporaries in a huge magical battle during WW2. Very British public-school/Oxbridge, but of the non-asshole variety.



Marianne Jean-Baptiste (Mike Leigh's Secrets and Lies) as Mama Thames. The genius locii of the Thames in London and below. Originally a Nigerian immigrant in the 1950s who tried to drown herself in the Thames, but who was instead offered the goddess position left vacant by Father Thames' abandonment (see below).


Anthony Stewart Head (Giles in Buffy of course) as Father Thames, the original god of the Thames, but hasn't been downstream of Teddington Lock since the Big Stink of 1856. Now hangs around with his 'sons' (tributary rivers) upstream in rural Gloucestershire and Oxfordshire. In the first book, Peter has to try to mediate a turf war between the sparring Thames's and their bands of tributaries and worshippers.


Art Malik (Jewel in the Crown, Passage to India, True Lies, The Living Daylights) as Dr. Abdul Walid, a Cryptopathologist with the Met Police. Fairly strong Glaswegian accent, which I trust the versatile Mr. Malik can pull off. Tagline "This is your brain on magic".


Freema Agyeman (Doctor Who, Sense8) as Cecilia "Lady Ty" Tyburn, goddess of the River Tyburn, and one of Mama Thames' daughters. Imperious, ambitious, double-first from Oxford, has powers of command with her voice. Peter manages to get on the wrong side of her early on, which is not a good career move.


Leonora Crichlow (Being Human) as Beverley Brook, goddess of the same, daughter of Mama Thames, personified as a teenage girl, but don't be fooled, girl's got power and ancient heritage. Potential love interest for Peter Grant.

(Remarkably hard to find well-known young black British actresses. They say the opportunities for black actors in Britain are poor, I'm thinking even worse for actresses).

There are lots more characters of course, but that'll do for starters I think.

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May 9th, 2015
12:52 am

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This is England
Well, that was bloody depressing.

Not all of it, not in Scotland. My family were pretty much all actively campaigning for the SNP (though generally from a position to the left of the SNP), so for them, and huge numbers of others in Scotland who hope for a real alternative to Neoliberali austerity, it was a night of celebration - though certainly not untouched by what was going on south of the border.

But for the UK as a whole? Really hard to see any positives - isolated bright spots maybe, but not that affect the overall picture.

5 years of majority Tory government mean that people will die. People will go hungry, they will be forced onto the street, they will die. The NHS will be mutilated. Policies on immigration and human rights will become even more draconian, and And Britain may well be on its way out of the EU.

I do not see any point in blaming the elelectoral system. Yes, the Tories got a majority on 37% of the vote. But the fact is that the Tories plus UKIP, to the right of them, together got 49.5% of the <i>UK-wide</i> vote, including Northern Ireland (where these parties do stand, but are marginal). By contrast, in the 1983 election when Thatcher won her landslide, the Tories got 42.4% of the vote. Meanwhile, the 'progressive' parties (a stretch for Labour) got 39.8% this time (including SDLP as Labour allies). There is no way of painting this as other than a clear vote for the right.

I support PR, but if we had had it at this election, then what we would have got, instead of a Tory only government, is a Tory-UKIP coalition.

Blame the right-wing media by all means, feeding people lies and thus persuading millions to vote against their own economic interests. But you know, I kind of think that if people buy these lies, it's parftly because it's the sort of lies they're all too ready to believe. It seems to me (and this is anger rather than anything that claims to be rigorous social analysis) that this is neither simply selfishness nor ignorance, but a sort of wilfully ignorant mean-spiritedness; I don't think people are unaware that the rich are screwing them, but this just makes them all the more determined to make sure that no immigrants or workshy benefit scroungers are taking advantage of them too. No NHS? Well at least it won't be there for asylum seeers to feed off either! No social safety net if you fall ill or lose your job? Well at least it won't be there for the workshy and the fakers! No human rights? Who cares, so long as criminals and immigrants don't have them! It is the mentality of the playground bully who, knowing he can't touch the top-dog popular kids who beat on him, looks for someone lower down the hierarchy to take it out on.

I would like to believe what some people on the left are saying, that if only Labour had been bolder, offered a real vision and alternative to austerity, then they could have done better, but I don't buy it. I would certainly have welcomed such a thing for all sorts of reasons, but I think the reality is they'd have been hammered even more by the media, and perhaps scared even more people off. Such a message might play well in Scotland, but not in southern and Middle England. Ranting aside, I think the reality is that England is, in the main, a fundamentally right.wing country, where values of social solidarity are battered and frayed, something no longer of interest to the majority.

I don't think that means that Labour could have won by moving even further to the right either, or that they can have a better chance next time by doing so; I mean what reason exactly would they have given to people to vote for them? It would hardly have bought off Murdoch, who - unlike with the Major government of 1992-97  - seems very happy with what Cameron has to offer. I think there's a lot of truth to the maxim that oppositions don't win elections, governments lose them. What Labour needs to have a serious chance in the next election is neither a move to the left or the right but, first and foremost, for the Tories to either royally screw up or to have the next major crisis happen on their watch.

This could happen; Another major economic crisis is nothing to welcome, but whatever does go wrong with the economy (and Tory policies are likely to wreak plenty of damage in any case) will be increasingly hard to blame on 'cleaning up Labout's mess'.

Perhaps even more significantly, and especially with a narrow majority, the Tories still have an enormous potential to tear themselves to shreds over the in-out referendum on EU membership they're promising. Cameron will try to negotiate 'reforms' with the rest of the EU, but I suspect that the most likely outcome is that he will get some token concessions that he will try to sell as a win and justification to campaign to stay in, but which large swathes of his party will condemn as a sell-out.

That doesn't change the underlying reality of the right-wing value system of the plurality of the English majority. They may occasionally be willing to a vote for a watered-down centerist alternative when the Tories really screw up, but, well, we need a lot better than that. How you go about changing that basic equation - not really got any bright ideas, I'm afraid. I am fairly convinced that building, or rebuilding, a sense of social solidarity depends on people being actually involved in struggles that affect them - through unions, local campaigns and self-help, and so forth, and of course there are many, many people trying to make this happen. Keeping up that good work is the only thing I can really advise, cheering on here from a distance in my Scandinavian refuge. Getting it to a point where it makes a serious difference at a macro political level is not something that will happen overnight though, or in the space of a 5-year parliament.

Then there is Scotland, and that I think is the one bright spot. Although there influence will be limited in a Parliament with a Tory majority (though a small one), the fact that there is now a block of 60 MPS (including Plaid Cymru and Caroline Lucas for the Greens) who will be putting forward a genuinely progressive, anti-austerity message is something. And the likelihood is that a Tory government, especially if Britain heads for the EU exit, will hasten the departure of Scotland from the UK, and being free from Tory rule once and for all. While this would mean a stronger right-wing majority in the rest of the UK, I think losing the Union could be a massive shock to the Tory system, while allowing Scotland to act as, what I hope would turn out to be, a successful progressive English-speaking alternative on England's border. (And, very possibly for some, a place of refuge, A statue of Nicola Sturgeon saying "Bring us your poor, your huddled masses".)

That, however, is as maybe. What we have now is 5 years of awfulness. My heart goes out to those of you who hoped for something better, and who are going to be on the sharp end of it.

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April 26th, 2015
05:59 pm

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Pariah kingmakers
The election results are in. Party A has won. Well, sort of. They have more seats than their main rival, Party B. But they don't have a majority, and can't reallly get a coalition that gives them a majority.

Moreover, Party C, the 3rd biggest party, is adamantly opposed to more or less everything Party A stands for. Actually, in many respects their policies are rather close to Party B. Party C made a big breakthrough this election, and now hold the balance of power. Many people in Parties B and C think that they could cooperate and lock Party A out of power.

So Party B has maybe won after all? Not so fast. Thing is, there is one particular issue, which is at the core of Party C's raison d'être, but where Party C's position is seen as complete anaethama by both Parties A and B. Indeed, such is the distaste with which this policy is viewed by the main parties (strongly backed by the mainstream media), that Party C has come to be regarded as a pariah that no other party can possibly have dealings with. Party B could maybe do a deal with Party C to gain power, but the price would be too high; they'd be hammered by the media, it would probably split the party (many of whose activists heartily loathe Party C), and it would be a highly unstable government that probably would not last the distance.

So Party A try to form a government. They are, after all, the largest single party. But then when they present their budget, Parties B and C vote it down. (They don't need to talk to each other to do this.)

Could Party B then form a government without taklking to Party C, just informally relying on their support, at least most of the time? Maybe, but the problem is it would be widely seen as illegitimate, it would be (again) highly unstable, and anyway Party C might not be willing to put up with supporting a government that treats them as a pariah.

So only Party A can form a government, but they can't actually govern. What to do?

Read more...Collapse )

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April 7th, 2015
12:06 am

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Who benefits
One of the stupidest things I've heard recently in British politics was from Labour's Shadow Employment Secretary, Rachel Reeves, who said "We are not the party of people on benefits... Labour are a party of working people, formed by and for working people".

The context was an interview in which she actually said quite a few positive things, including reducing the severity and arbitrary nature of benefits sanctions, but this line - in many ways rightly - grabbed the headlines.

The list of cuts and tightened controls associated with various social security benefits in Britain - except for pensioners - under this government is long. Some listed here. A summary below the cut, many of you will already be familiar with a lot of them, in some cases through personal experience.
Cuts below the cutCollapse )
The consequences are dire. Food banks. Increased homelessness. Benefits sanctions leading to suicides. Children coming to school hungry.

Back to Rachel Reeves. What she said is of course denigrating and dehumanizing. Does Labour not want the votes of benefits claimants if they are not a party for them? Just who should they vote for? Or does Rachel Reeves rely on them just staying home because no party is for them? Do they not deserve representation, not deserve to exercise their vote even, as people who do not contribute to society? No, perhaps she didn't mean it quite like that, but her words drip with contempt for people on benefits.

But as I say, her words display, IMO, not just a lack of empathy, but a fundamental lack of understanding.

Labour was indeed set up as a party of working people. And who do you think fought for the existence of a welfare state, including benefits for the old, children, the unemployed, sick and disabled if not working people and the Labour movement? Not simply out of charity for the less fortunate, but because the people who formed the labour movement mostly were themselves the less fortunate, or knew that they could easily become so.

Any of us could lose our jobs, that have them now. Any of us, temporarily able-bodied, could fall sick over a long period of time, or become disabled. Once upon a time, most people knew this. The Labour Party, certainly the leadership, seem to have forgotten it.

If one is rich, or has a rich family, then one may well be able to ride things out, financially at least. The privileged and well-connected are unlikely to remain unemployed for long. But most of us are but one major misfortune away from needing the welfare state for our survival.

By "most of us", I mean those who do not have sufficient capital to sustain ourselves. That is, who are dependent on our labour, or that of those with whom we share a household. Or, to use another phrase whose meaning the Labour Party has mostly forgotten, the Working Class.

(For myself, I am by the common usage very definitely middle class, and I am better off than the majority in my income, my position in the labour market, and my degree of autonomy in my work. But by the above definition, I do include myself in the Working Class, albeit a relatively privileged member of that class. So yes, I do mean "we" and "us".)

So, while I do welcome some of the welfare changes Labour are promising: abolishing the bedroom tax, easing up on the sanctions, reforming the work capability assessment; not only do they not go far enough (Labour have made clear that they are not going to reverse all Tory cuts), but they do not remotely challenge the mindset behind the past 35+ years of welfare policy: that benefits are an act of charity from the better off to the poor; that those receiving it must therefore be made to jump through all sorts of hoops to prove both that they need it and, increasingly, that they deserve it; that, if you are claiming benefits, especially for unemployment, then in return for this generosity the state owns your ass and has the right to control your life in whatever ways it deems fit.

Rather than, what I think it should be, the welfare state as a material expression of solidarity amongst members of society, of a system that benefits the majority of us in society as a system which, when and insofar as we can, we all pay into, and which is there for all of us when we may need it. So the main questions should not be "How can we spend as little as possible?" "How can we make sure no-one is cheating?" "How can we really make sure recipients are doing enough to deserve it?" - but "What sort of system do we want to be there for us as and when we may need it"?

Solidarity. Another largely abandoned word. As I see it, "solidarity" has an aspect of compassion to it, of empathy, of putting oneself in others' shoes; but also an aspect of englightened, collective self-interest.

That second aspect is crucial, politically. Compassion is the most important human virtue. But, in the world we are in, appeals to compassion alone are not sufficient to make a successful progressive political programme. For that, you need Solidarity.

I am not talking revolution here, or fundamental changes to the Capitalist system. I am talking about the preconditions for a functioning social democracy.

Which is why, I think, that liberal appeals to conscience regarding the benefits system are never going to be enough. The horrible thing is, most of the Tory changes (with a few exceptions like the Bedroom Tax) are popular. Because most people do not currently see the welfare state as being about collective self-interest.

Why is this? Media propaganda. Labour abandoning the cause.( But is that itself just following public opinion? Maybe also the professionalization of Labour politics.) The fragmentation, individualization and consumerization of society. Because people are idiots. Take your pick.

How can this be changed? Wish I knew. But, unless and until this sense of collective self-interest is regained amongst substantial sections of the population, the argument for a generous and humane welfare state will continue to fail.

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April 3rd, 2015
09:25 pm

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Heads-up
Just a quick drive-by to point folks to nwhyte's rather fascinating series of posts, now complete, on the most famous books set in each European country (including miscellaneous micro-states, autonomous provinces and island dependencies and so on), based on taggings on Goodreads and Librarything. Some perhaps surprising, some less so, a fair number most folks have probably never heard of, and plenty of scope for debate about what should or should not count!

(I have read but eleven of them, and seen film or TV adaptations, or stage performances, of a further four.)

Anyway, an interesting literary journey through Europe!

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April 1st, 2015
01:14 am

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UK election forecasts and speculations
The UK General Election has been called, the national polls are still very close, and now fivethirtyeight - these days a much bigger outfit than just founder and CEO Nate Silver - has published its first U.K. General Election predictions - based on a combination of national and constituency polling, and a great deal of regression analysis based on past polling and election history, local demographics, the state of the economy, and so forth. The central predictions are:

Read more...Collapse )

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March 8th, 2015
12:03 am

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Apartheid
Following on from my last post, the term "Israeli Apartheid" often generates strong reactions. Aren't you going a bit far? Isn't that a harsh, even hateful term? It can be, I admit, a jarring phrase.

The most common specific objection tends to go something like this:  "Apartheid was unique to South Africa. You shouldn't be comparing things to Apartheid like that. It diminishes the unique horror of it, as well as exaggerating what is going on in Israel/Palestine"

The first thing I'd say is, I think that's confusing Apartheid with the Holocaust. The Holocaust really is unique in so many horrific ways, which is why comparing stuff to the Holocaust is an instant way of making an ass of yourself. (And I really, really wish that some of my friends in the pro-Palestine movement would refrain from comparing Israel's actions to the Holocaust or the Nazis. Aside from Godwin, if you can't see why the comparison is extra insensitive in this case, then you're an idiot.)

As for the uniqueness of the South African situation, this is kind of undermined by the fact that  a string of South Africans who were at the head of the freedom struggle, have made just this comparison, most notably Archbishop Desmond Tutu.

But more specifically, describing Israel as an Apartheid state is not actually a comparison or an analogy with South Africa, it is a description that holds good in its own right regardless of comparisons with South Africa. The crime of Apartheid is specifically defined by the UN Convention of Apartheid, and covers “inhuman acts committed for the purpose of establishing and maintaining domination by one racial group of persons over any other racial group of persons and systematically oppressing them"

One may certainly say, for example, that the Jim Crow system of segregration practices in the US South met the definition of Apartheid, though this was before it was defined.

Israel's laws, policies and practices, especially in the West Bank, but also to a significant degree within Israel proper, meet the definition of Apartheid. The parellel 'criminal justice' systems faced by Jews and Palestinians is one key example, and the use of this system as a means of repression. Others include:

- Massively unequal access to water

- Home demolitions

- Restrictions on movement, checkpoints, roadblocks, Israeli-only roads, with your legal rights and treatment depending on what type of identity card you hold.

- Actuall the whole illegal settlement system, including all the above points.

- Residential screening committees (paywall), which allow Jewish communities, both in Israel and illegal West Bank settlements, to keep Arabs out, and which the Israeli High Court approved as legal last year.

- The ongoing displacement of Bedouin citizens of Israel, as part of plans to Judaize the Negev. Tens of thousands of Bedouins live in "unrecognized villages" - which were often there from before the foundation of the state of Israel, but which the new state chose not to "recognize", and whose inhabitants therefore do not have rights.

One could go on. Personally, I think one could reasonably call the situation within Israel itself as "massive systemic discrimination", depending on how you look at it, although Apartheid there is not unreasonable either; but I do not see how one can fail to call the extreme, brutal, and legally codified system of repression and discrimination in the West Bank by the name of Apartheid.


(One other objection I've heard to the term Apartheid is that it is better to look at the situation in the West Bank as Occupation, rather than Apartheid. All the evils I've described are the result of occupation, and take that away and all those go to. So it is a matter of how you frame it, and the Apartheid framing is not the most helpful.

Well, Occupation is certainly correct, but one does not exclude the other. The thing is, saying that every other evil (within the West Bank at least) is but a consequence of occupation seems to be accepting the notion of the "temporary" nature of the occupation. I mean, I certainly hope it is temporary, but it is increasingly clear that, whatever the theory in the beginning, for Israel the occupation and the settlements are in no way temporary. The Apartheid policies of Israel in the West Bank are not some temporary regrettable side-effect of an extraordinary military situation, they are part and parcel of what Israel intends as a permanent arrangement in "Judea and Samaria". It is an Occupation, and it has imposed an Apartheid system within the Occupied territories.)

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March 7th, 2015
11:03 pm

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Palestinian prisoners
Went to a talk in Stockholm today as part of Israeli Apartheid Week (in non-UKian Europe). Two speakers: the second was Khaled Barakat, a Palestinian activist (with the PFLP) and author, who gave a more broad, ideological talk. The first was Charlotte Kates of Samidoun, the solidarity network for Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails. I will list some of the key points, many of which I was familiar with but which together paint a pretty compelling picture.

- There are over 6,000 Palestinian prisoners in Israeli prisons at present (over 7,000 according to another source)

- This includes 200 children from ages 14-16 (who are held in regular adult prisons).

- Palestinian Prime Minister Salam Fayad estimated in 2012 that 800,000 Palestinians have been arrested by Israeli forces since 1967, amounting to about 20% of the current Palestinian population of the West Bank & Gaza.

- Over 500 Palestinians are held in Administrative Detention, under which they can be held for 6 months at a time, indefinitely renewable, without charge, trial or legal representation, and without having any idea of the accusations against them.

- Palestinians in the West Bank can be arrested, detained and imprisoned essentially arbitarily, on the whim of officers of the Israeli occupation forces. Offences can relate to particitating in an illegal demonstration, being a member of an illegal organization, having contact with an illegal organization, etc. Since virtually all Palestinian protest and resistance activities, violent or non-violent, are effectively criminalized, this covers a very wide range.

- Another favourite is "stone throwing". Palestinian kids do throw stones some times; but it only takes the word of a soldier to convict them. (On a personal note, I was accused of throwing stones by an Israeli soldier. Of course internationals have rather more legal protection than Palestinians, and they were much more interested in getting me out of the country than putting me in prison, I'm glad to say).

- For example, Palestinian student Lina Khattab, a student leader at Bir Zeir University, was recently sentenced to 6 months imprisonment for "participating in an unlawful demonstration" and "throwing stones". Of course, adding the stone-throwing charge means that she is a wicked, wicked violent activist and not a nice peaceful Gandhian that we can all sympathize with.

- But at least she, like most of the Palestinian prisoners, are not in Administrative Detention - they've at least had due process of law, right?

- Wrong. Palestinians in the West Bank (and Gaza, if captured by Israeli forces), are subject to a system of military justice, in whcih their rights to a fair trial, including access to evidence against them, legal repreesntation, etc., are severely constrained. These courts have a conviction rate of 99.74%.

- The military courts system does not provide Palestinian prisoners with the right to a fair trial guaranteed them under the Geneva Conventions. That's according to the guy who was running them, back in 2013.

- Incidentally, a lot of these "legal processes" - Administrative Detention, military courts, etc., have simply been preserved and adopted by the Israelis from British Mandate law, which was used to repress Palestinian resistance from 1918-48 (and, later, against Zionist groups).

- The mass incarceration of Palestinians is part of a broader Israeli strategy of terror and repression. Palestinians  are frequently arrested in night raids on family homes, very often as part of an action against an entire village, where their homes are torn apart and their entire family terrorized.

- Taken together, this does not represent any sort of "criminal justice" system - it is a system of repression and control.

- Back to the Apartheid theme: legal mechanisms such as Administrative Detention and military courts, and the accompanying structures of arbitrary arrest and detention, night raids, etc., are strictly for Palestinians only. Jewish settlers in the West Bank are subject to regular Israeli civil law - more or less conforming to Western standards of justice.

- (Except, of course, for the fact that Israeli settlers are virtually never charged, let alone convicted, for the continual acts of violence and property destruction they commit against Palestinians).

- At the risk of belabouring the point, the justice system you face in the West Bank is explicitly dependant on your ethnicity.

- Even Palestinian citizens of Israel, who have considerably more rights than those in the West Bank, if they are charged with a crime that has anything to do with Palestinian resistance - for example, having contact with anything deemed an illegal organization - are subjected to special criminal justice procedures that again restrict their rights of representation and access to evidence. If convicted, they are classed as "security prisoners", and placed in the same highly militarized prisons as Palestinians from the West Bank and Gaza.

- Palestinian prisoners, like those in Apartheid South Africa, are very much at the center of Palestinian resistance. Like in South Africa, self-education, protest, hunger strikes, sometimes winning hard-fought concessions and improvements in conditions, are a continual feature of Palestinian prisoners' lives. While at the moment Palestinian protest and resistance in the West Bank is relatively quiescent in most respects, campaigns on behalf of Palestinian prisoners are still very much an active thing. The issue of prisoners is one that really, really matters to the Palestinians, although it is not something that grabs the headlines internationally.

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March 4th, 2015
12:31 am

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Book review: The Circle/Cirkeln
The Engelsfors Trilogy (The Circle, The Key, Fire) has been on my radar for a while as a generally well-regarded Swedish YA fantasy series - the first book, Cirkeln was nominated for Sweden's August Prize in the children's & youth literature category in 2011. Generally got a big billing at the SciFi Bokhandeln whenever a new book's come out.

The fact that the film version of Cirkeln has just come out encouraged me to buy the books - I would like to go see the film, but my Swedish comprehension is still sometimes slow enough that I would rather know what's going on first! (The film is produced and scored by Benny Andersson, which is another good reason for seeing it.)

Just finished the first book, in Swedish, though the trilogy is now all out in English too.

General verdict - took a while to get going, but when it does, very, very good. Basic plot - 6 High School girls from Englsfors, a small town in rural Sweden discover they are witches, chosen to fight the big rising evil and prevent the apocalypse.

Positives: really good, sympathetic characterisation of several very different people, with very different family backgrounds and life situations; the fact that this group, that includes one of the popular mean girls and one of the unpopular object of the mean girls' (and boys') persecution, is forced to try to co-operate  - which, as one might expect is far from plain sailing.

Good intermingling too of the supernatural shit that's going down with the trials of everyday life and the hell that is High School in a small town. (It is very reminiscent of Buffy in that respect, though there is more diversity and awareness of social/class status). And a sequence of stunning, but believable plot twists that maintain a constant sense of tension and peril, and mystery as to who is the enemy and who can be trusted.

Definitely worth a read I'd say.

Also I totally want to read Buffy/Engelsfors crossover fic. I'm sure this must exist.

Trigger warnings, inc. spoiler for chapter 1Collapse )

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